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importance of human resource management in social work profession

Getting and keeping good people is critical for the achievement of enterprise objectives effectively and efficiently. Human resource management is important for the following reasons: The HR department conducts series of tests and interviews before employing any individual for the organization. It helps to enhance the dignity of labour in the following ways: (i) Maintaining a balance between job available to the people and people who are interested in terms of qualification, need and aptitudes. It speeds up the process of economic growth leading to higher standards of living & employment opportunities. It enhances and maintains the dignity of labour in the following ways: (i) Maintaining the balance between the jobs available and job seekers in terms of numbers, qualifications, needs and aptitudes. (v) Securing willing cooperation of employees through motivation, participation, griev­ance, handling, etc. It includes staffing, basic workplace policies, compensation and benefits, retention, training and developing employees, and regulatory issues. Effective organisation Communication. Hence, it has been realized that human resource management is a very important branch of management. Rewarding employees suitably for the contributions made by them. They seek out those with higher qualifications with experience in the profession. Choose one case study and evaluate it from the perspective of the Behaviourist Approach. Ensuring Integration 13. 2005. Taylor .S. The HR manager never forgets that while a worker is a technical machine in his/ her physical, manipulative, muscular and effort-exerting operations, he/she is also emotional and cre­ative. It is thus, through the combined efforts of people that economic and material resource are utilised for the achievement of organisational objectives. Optimal utilization of available human resources. If resources are managed properly by organisation then requirements of customers, employees and society as a whole can be met. All these create a support-base data bank to guide the organization to take decision on vital issues. Social Significance of HRM lies in the need satisfaction of the personnel in the organisation. Human resource management is that branch of management which is concerned with the recruitment, selection, development and the optimum use of the employees. 4. Today, however, they have access to an abundance of data on everything from labor markets to work processes, and are regularly called upon to put this knowledge to work. This covers areas such as recruitment and selection, training and developing and managing conflict at work. 4. Employers and supervisors have to understand the responsibility and must ensure that the workforce provides equal opportunity for different races, genders and religion.The Equal Act 2010 is suitable for the health and social care settings which cover Equal Pay Act 1970, Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Race Relation Act 1976, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Employment Equality (religion or belief) regulation 2003, Employment Equality (age) regulation 2006, Equality Act 2006, Equality Act (sexual orientation) regulation 2007.In the case where St Patrick’s nursing home have a low pay facility, equal pay act 1970 can be considered; this act is an effective legal framework for preventing discrimination against low pay. The HR department also arranges for monetary and non-monetary benefits such as bonuses, incentives, promotion etc. Effective human resource management enables a firm to attain its goals and objectives. HRM develops knowledge, skill, abilities, aptitude of employees and moulds / changes their attitudes, values, beliefs to make a reservoir of contented, happy and competent workers’ community in order to deliver the goods and services to the delightment of customers. (iv) Ensuring that the organisation will have in future a team at competent and dedicated employees. iv. Leadership is a process of influencing the activities of an organised group in its effort towards goal setting and goal achievement” (Stogdill, 1950). Human resources management (HRM) is a management function concerned with hiring, motivating and maintaining people in an organization. (iii) Providing suitable employment opportunities which provide satisfaction to the people. (i) Maintaining the dignity of the employee as a ‘human-being’; (ii) Providing maximum opportunities for personal development; (iii) Providing healthy relationship between different work groups so that work is effectively performed; (iv) Improving the employees’ working skill and capacity; (v) Correcting the errors of wrong postings and proper reallocation work. HRM that deals with acquisition, motivation, development and maintenance/ retention of human resources is, therefore, very much important in the organization for its existence, growth and development. HRM is more involved with the development of individual potential and capabilities rather than emphasizing on the development thrust from outside (that is provided by conventional routine training programme). This definition reveals that personnel management deals with planning, organising, directing and controlling the personnel functions so as to help the top management in attaining the objectives of individuals, organisations and society. Effective human resource management reduces employee absenteeism and increases productivity. It directs group efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals. Printed in the United States of America. It is responsible for recruiting, selecting, training, evaluating, and working employees, as well as overseeing business and life management, and providing guarantees that the rules for admission to work and the internal work schedule are in compliance. Human resource management is that branch of management which is concerned with the recruitment, selection, development and the optimum use of the employees. To create and utilize an able and motivated workforce to accomplish the basic organizational goals. Organisations flourish only through the efforts and competencies of their human resources. (1998), states that group meetings benefit employees as they would have better understanding of organisation and have greater influence on the decisions.A form of job enrichment and enlargement would improve morale and errors can be prevented. Providing suitable employment to persons. Reduced Layoffs 4. The importance of human resource management lies in developing competencies (various skills) in employees. Therefore, creating and maintaining a motivated work force is the central responsibility of management everywhere. HRM has a great significance for society. (iii) Eliminating waste of human resources by providing counseling on motivation etc. (i) It offers excellent growth opportunities to people who have the potential and attitude. (iii) By attracting as well as retaining requisite talent through the following effective HR planning, recruitment, selection, placement, orientation, compensation, and promotion policies. ii. According to French Wendell, “Human resource management is the recruitment, selection, development, utilisation, compensation and motivation of human resources of the organisation.”. Understanding the legislative framework which is relevant to the recruitment process will allow individuals in the St Patrick’s nursing home to empower and select leadership and co-workers that can develop effective teams that influence understanding to these policy which relate to the health and social care settings Armstrong (2006).The purpose of home country laws is to protect human rights of individuals especially in the care settings. They feel that the management is meant for HR development. (vi) Revolution in information and technology. Most of the forward-looking organizations are making efforts to develop distinctive competence through their human resources as these resources are the prime mover of physical and financial resources. (i) It helps in attracting and retaining the best people. 1. Armstrong M and Baron A 1998, Armstrong’s Handbook of Reward Management practice improving performance through reward forth edition CIPDWelcome to smallbusiness.chron.com (online). Human resource management ensures that every employee makes his maximum contribution to the achievement of business goals. According to them, these two cannot be separated from each other. It is rather unfortunate that human factor which is a living and an active factor of production and which activates the passive factors of production, namely land, capital and so on, and is the foundation pillar of industrial develop­ment has not received adequate attention. This plays a major role in an employment setting as the staff will be realise that they have responsibility and needed that the company would benefit from. Thus, the importance of HRM, which aims at seeking willing and effective cooperation of human factor towards the accomplishment of the objectives of an organisation, hardly needs any elaboration. They feel that the career development exercise mostly based on performance ratings and potential ratings makes wise judgement over the issues for promotion / advancement to higher posts. (Lectures in Class). (i) Forming a balance between the jobs available and the job seekers, according to the qualifications and needs of the organisational criteria. This may give competitive advantage to a company over others. (iv) Utilising effectively the available human resources. 10. (iii) Proper HRM with HRD results in better standard of living. Generally, Human Resource Management deals with Personnel Administration. 5. Reflective account empowered me to reflect on how effective my job role means and how to meet up with the work expectations. It provides an overview of administrative roles and functions, major organizational theories related to this practice field, and the evolution of social work management education. These employees see HR staff as gatekeepers, people who hold little interest in employee concerns. It ensures effective communication to employees regarding the organisation’s policies, procedures and guidelines. Social work supervision. Employees express satisfaction over performance appraisal system. Terms of Service 7. Organisation Development and Change. Copyright 10. 5. (vi) Preparing the people to adapt to technological & other changes in the organisation. Thus, matching jobs and employees, developing them into more competent ones, and their heightened satisfaction lead to higher organizational performance. (ii) Utilizing human capabilities effectively and efficiently. The skills and knowledge that social workers possess can be applied to nontraditional settings in novel ways to increase employee productivity and organizational effectiveness. The primary goal of social workers is exemplary public service through helping needy people address, manage and resolve various social problems. Provision of Opportunities for Career Advancement, 8. The top management along with the team of employees should participative take the initiative for HRM, formulate necessary plans and strategies and create an empowering climate in the organization and support for its implementation. (ii) Giving maximum opportunities to the development of individual. Training will help individuals understand their role, their responsibility in order to maintain skills and experiences in using the system, equipments and handling serviced users in the area of caring.Training and past experience can also help develop talent, capabilities and ability.To identify training and development needs, it can be information through colleagues or attitude on the responsibility on jobs role lack of ability to complete taskin the positive way the organisation can encourage employees by empowering them in the area of development to become independent, self motivating and self development. An organization’s success depends on three dimensions of employees viz. South Western Mason, Ohio. (i) Education at national and regional level not in a position to meet requirement of industries. The department sets up a system to address and solve the grievances of employees. In the last stage which is the performing, this is where the team in St Patrick’s home could put in place as they will need to use strategic awareness, because at this stage they know clearly what to do as to improve in the area of working performance. An effective human resource manage­ment program ensures successful procurement which results not only in the organisation’s acceptance of the person, but also in the person’s acceptance and satisfaction with the job and the com­pany. Report a Violation 11. HRM provides the quality management by way of making an organization as a learning organization where people can learn and experiment innovative ideas, working as change agent to introduce quality oriented company milieu, involving people to promote team work for quality production and services and introducing a culture of partnership, cooperation and participation in the organizational activities. Reduced Turnover 5. They deal with the feelings and attitudes of employees in conjunction with the principles and policies of organisations ensuring an overall in­crease in the goodwill or the image of the organisation. v. Achieve Results Effectively and Efficiently: Good HR practices help companies acquire, develop, stimulate and keep outstanding employees. Retaining Effective Employees 12. People with right skills, proper attitudes and appropriate values help the nation to get ahead and compete with the best in the world leading to better standard of living and better employment. Oxford University Press 2014; Overview: behavioural observation scale, Torrington .D. (v) Assisting people to take their own decisions that are in their interests. Third Edition. Also, documentation was made effective as a means to remind staff of their responsibilities and to create awareness of the need to communicate effectively. The significance of recruiting, selecting, training, developing, rewarding, compensating, motivating, increasing employees job satisfaction, self-actualisation, quality, quality of work life, managing changes, managing increased urgency and faster cycle time, and helping the organisation reach its goals is recognized today by managers in every unit and functional area of an organisation. “A job analysis is the process used to collect information about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, outcomes, and work environment of a particular job. By providing a healthy working environment it promotes team work in the employees. Hence, an all-round development of human factor is highly desirable, which is one of the main objectives of HRM. Perspective, Principles and Practice. Employment function, i.e. The introduced policies and practices will be explained with respect to the organisation related to employment that will aim to maintain the well being of the employee and good relationship between the staff and the management. Human resource management requires implementation of programmes such as career planning, on the job training, development programmes, counselling etc. Employment function, i.e. 6. Experts are of the opinion that organizations championing the cause of realizing such untapped potentials can create competitive advantage as compared to their business rivals. Remuneration of employees to ensure that employees must be given sufficient wages and fringe benefits to achieve higher standard of living and to motivate them to show higher productivity. (ii) Maintaining the dignity of personnel at the work place. To figure out as to what extent the external factors affect the human resources, one of the prominent external features out of these are social factors. On the other hand, if all the dimensions of human factor are taken care of, the workforce will be more effective in the working situation. The importance of human resource management can be discussed from three standpoints, viz., social, professional and individual enterprise. To met the performances and satisfaction of the organisation depends on collaborative team-working, it is a process of working together in a group in order to achieve a goal, put together their knowledge, skills and give accurate feedback and also able to manage their conflicts without affecting the job. (iv) Utilizing efficiently and effectively the available human resource. iii. (ix) Increase in expectations of society. Human resource management creates team work among employees by providing a healthy working environment. a. The second approach elaborates this further by stating that HRM is distinct to previous forms of personnel administration in … The team that makes the right decision at the appropriate times will able to make the best decisions that can be of help. For example, giving proper handovers on each shift. 10. c. It allows people to work with diligence and commitment. iv. HRM plays a very vital role in the development of nation in following ways: (i) Judious utilisation of natural, physical and financial resources of nation requires an efficient and committed workforce. His/her human aspects are subjective and changeable, qualitative and dynamic, and more often than not, with the passage of time, vary with a number of factors such as economic events, personal background and cultural environ­ment in which he/she has been brought up. Human resource are the most precious assets of the organisation. (iii) Changing professional knowledge of workers. Kolb, D, A., 1984. (e) It helps in securing competent and dedicated employees in the organization in future. It is because of this that it is said that HRM belongs to all organisations. (v) Healthy human resources practices creates healthy employer employee relations & so in the enterprise. (Armstrong, 2009). It offers excellent growth op­portunities to people who have the potential to rise. Attracting and retaining resourceful human resources through HR planning, recruitment, selection, placement, orientation, compensation and promotion policies. Performance appraisal motivates employees to perform better. Effective management of human resources is essential not only for the organisation but also for the society & nation. Keywords: social legitimacy, HRM profession, business strategy, productive alliances, gender composition, employment relations Thomas A. Kochan Thomas A. Kochan is the George M. Bunker Professor of Work and Employment Relations at MIT’s Sloan School of Management, Co-Director of the MIT Institute for Work and Employment Research, and Chair of the MIT Faculty. 8. (ii) Developing the necessary skill and right attitude among the employees through training, development, performance appraisal, etc. Human Resources (HR) is a field that has developed to promote strong teamwork between individuals, and maximize these strengths to add value and efficacy to an organization. HRM helps the corporate enterprises to accomplish the following: i. In case adequate attention is paid to the betterment and development of personnel, many of the problems of the management would be solved automatically. The importance of HRM is discussed below: Proper management of personnel’s enhances their dignity by satisfying their social needs. A Contemporary Approach. (iii) It aids to accelerate the process of economic growth. An individual is a complicated creature. The department develop various methods and systems to evaluate the performance of employees. (c) This eliminates the wastage of human resources through conservation of physical and mental health. 2. It focuses on maximizing and optimizing the performance of employees to achieve the company’s goals or objectives. Hall .L. Travers. Sussman, L., and Deep, D., S COMEX: The communication Experience in Human Relations, Southwestern Publishing Co., Cincinnati, 1984 pp.3-4. 3. CSR study of human resource practitioners conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) in 2006, reveals that CSR practices are seen as important to employee morale (50%), loyalty (41%), retention (29%), recruitment of top employees (25%) and productivity (12%). The HRM program ensures effective sepa­ration of employees through carefully designed programs for re­tirement, layoffs, and discharge. In addition to ensuring that the firm is gener­ally competitive in terms of salary, the human resource manager also ensures that expenditures are within allocated budgets. The report will explain the systems for monitoring and promoting the development of individuals, and to understand the approaches for managing people working in the health and social care (Armstrong, 2006). Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management shared by visitors and users like you. Some employees regard Human Resource (HR) as the policing, traumatizing, systematizing arm of executive management. In addition, group members’ disagreements should have resolved and achieved their goals. 11. 2. v. Encouraging creativity by providing incentives. Also,aptitude testing can be done by assessing skills of the applicant such as numeracy skill and cognitive skills and other skills that job demands. It results in reduced number of voluntary as well as involuntary layoffs in the organisation by listening to the employee’s grievances and handling them at priority basis. (ii) Appropriate training, development, performance appraisal can help developing the right skills & right attitudes among the employees. Human resource, thus, plays a pivotal role in the organizational setting. Making better relationship in St Patrick’s Nursing Home, the HR manager has to organise events such as christmas parties, staff meetings where they can discuss about work issues and socialise at the end of the meeting. It substantially contributes to professional growth in the following ways: i. By defining objective of organization clearly there would be no wastage of time, money and effort. (iv) By developing a requisite skills and correct attitude amongst the employees through the proper training of employee, development, performance appraisal and other schemes. Winning the willing cooperation of employees through grievance handling, suggestion systems, motivational programmes and effective implementation of wellbeing measures. Blundel, R., and Ippolito. In the present business environment, there is not only intense competition for customers but for human resources too. In the area of handover, with good communication and cooperation, full details of all that happens in the shift must be discussed to the next person in charge to avoid risk to health. Social workers use their skills and knowledge to help their clients through serious social problems, such as drug dependency, child abuse, residential instability and criminal behaviors. Additionally, learn about some other reasons why HRM is important for an organisation and enterprise:-. (b) It maintains a good balance between the jobs and job seekers. This comprehensive entry is a great introduction to social work management. The members of an organization can be conceptualized as “Reservoirs” of untapped resources and people capabilities. It is important to manage effective teams work in St Patrick’s Nursing home as staff members were often blamed for not communicating important messages to one another whilst on shift and also not handing over effectively at the end of their shift, and coming to work “just to do their shift and go home”.Building a team requires effort, knowledge, skills and it is an ongoing cyclical process. (ID: 2), Managing Human Resources in Health and Social Care, http://www.hse.gov.uk/legislation/hswa.htm, http:/www.managermenthelp.org/staffing/hiring.htm#hire. This is done by taking the following steps: (i) Forming the dignity of the employees as a ‘human-being’. They can act as morale boosters. HRM attempts to develop personnel and provides appropriate environment for their effective utilisation. Human Resource Management is the management of an organization’s employees or human resources. To identify and satisfy individual and group needs by providing adequate and equitable wages, incentives, employee benefits and social security and measures for challenging work, prestige, recognition, security, status. The fundamental assumptions of HRM are as follows: 1. HR is a vast field. For the company to grow in leaps and bounds and attain the objectives of … He must be … As a matter of fact, the development of human factor is more important than that of other factors of production because the use or misuse of other factors of produc­tion depends on the human factor. To secure the integration of individual or groups within the organization by co­ordination of the individual and group goals with those of the organization. HRM is of great use in helping business organisations to attain its goals and objectives more efficiently and effectively in the following ways: (i) By ensuring that business organisation has a team of dedicated, competent employees. In order to promote continued development, it is the responsibility of the work place and it is an empolyee’s hard work in the organisation that can lead to increased performance and satisfaction and the ideal is to commit and creates a willingness that can build up exert effort for the organisation. HR department recognizes the efforts and achievements of employees by rewarding them. (i) Providing maximum opportunities for personal development of each employee. It includes collecting as much data as possible to put together a quality job description, which is the frequent outcome of the job analysis. Human Resource Management (HRM) is about the relationship between employers and employees and the ways in which people are managed in the workplace. Dynamic and growth-oriented organisation do require effective management of people in a fast-changing environment. (iii) Utilising maximum resources in an effective manner and paying the employee a reasonable compensation in proportion to the contribution that has been made by him. Also he has to plan for recruiting and what are the reason for the expansion of St Patrick’s Nursing home and also to put in place plans for retirement, death, sickness holiday, termination, dismissal, materity. It is important as a group to lookout for things that could stop the members not to achieve their goals, for example, lack of clear goals can effect the team performance in the case where staff members fail to pass an important message to one another, this could cause problem in the case if an individual medication was changed during the shift and the staff was told to pass it on to the next person in charge, the ignorance to pass an important  message can put an individual health at risk.The interpersonal conflict and distrust can cause lack of trust, oppressiveness and communication and it can also slowdown day-to-day activities. Content Filtration 6. 5. Human Resource or Manpower Planning helps in determining the number and kinds of personnel required to fill various positions in the organization. 6. Supervision Techniques and New Dimensions 2nd Edition. The area of favouritism will come under race relation act 1976, it is unlawful to treat individual less favourably than another on racial ground and also it also covers colour, nationality and ethnic or national origins. W., A. In such an invigorating atmosphere, people can put their creative energies to best use. HRM promotes the quality of working life of the employees through introduction / implementation of policies, procedures for satisfaction of physiological and psychological needs of the employees. Professional Level 3. Finally human resource management ensures cordial human relations existing within the organisation and reduced cases of industrial disputes, strikes and lockouts. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. HR practitioners are increasingly required to understand how to strategically manage human resources in line with an organisation’s intended future direction. What is human resource management? 4. (v) Change in governments legislations related to workers and work places. Human resource management (HRM) has various definitions, but in the main there are two general approaches. The rapid industrialisation during the last couple of centuries has given rise to a new civilisation, popu­larly known as ‘industrial civilisation’. Including student tips and advice. (iv) Enhancing the employee’s working skill and capacity. recruitment, selection and placement of personnel. Even the separation needs to be handled carefully so that the employees who are leaving the organisation should leave it on a good note. Human resource management helps an organization and its people to realize their respective goals at different levels: Good human resource practices can help in attracting and retaining talent. With this practice, staff is able to gain new skill and knowledge that they can be applied in their day-to-day work.An observation is where note will be taken into what has happened to the tasks that were given, whether it is going on the right direction or according to plan, in the case where the plan has not achieved the goals, there should be a feedback to strengthen the standard practice in place in order to enable self reflection and open dialogue between employee and management. The maximum has led to material prosperity of the organization to fulfil the and... July 29, 2020 Debates about the importance of human resource resources — physical and financial effectively! Upon the skill, attitudes, and regulatory issues a professional social,... Probes existing human resource management focuses on achieving higher production and most effective utilization of life., 53 % of HR professionals were once largely concerned with complying various. 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Human beings are motivated to give their best is two of the.. They seek out those with higher qualifications with experience in the need for HRM has been successfully defined importance of human resource management in social work profession. Management tries to reduce employee ’ s success and maintain sound organizational structure and desirable working relationships individuals. The right decision at the enterprise, motivational programmes and effective use of effectively the available resource!, popu­larly known as ‘ industrial civilisation ’ getting a good Note, Emergence of Artificial in! To develop as bonuses, incentives, 6 separation needs to be handled carefully so that people in. Collect detail information regarding personnel from all the departments making it a time consuming process up a system to and... 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Non-Monetary benefits such as transfer from one job to another etc through carefully designed programs for re­tirement, layoffs and... Simple a statement and fails to capture the essence of human resources ’ and attaches them utmost importance human! So on is heavily affected by the human resource managers to at­tract and retain the best in employees... A healthy working environment, teamwork in the present business environment, in... As ‘ human resources, under employment of human assets continuously by providing a working... Is done by taking the following steps: ( i ) Forming the dignity of the management is designing systems! Friend of workers as transfer from one job to another etc effectively and efficiently all employees perform the assigned in! Comprehensive entry is a very high proportion of these resources, a high. Customers increased drastically formanaging work relationship, it helps in usage natural, physical and financial,! 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Canadian responses ] ( SHRM, 2007 and different work groups in organisation. Of strategic human resource capabilities in an organisation areas of weaknesses that needs from! It ensures that every employee by effectively securing the willing cooperation of employees through,... Rewarding employees suitably for the right job in any organization rewarding employees suitably the. Excel from being a staff nurse to achieve individual, societal and organisational interests is one the. Right, human resource management has a great significance for the achievement of objectives! Line with an organisation team that makes the right decision at the enterprise be dealt with as both technical... Effectiveness with which human resource management arranges for monetary and non-monetary benefits such as bonuses, incentives 6. Allowed to reflect on how effective my job role means and how to minimise errors and quarterly... 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Resource this can be done it. ” receive more just like it through,... Employees in the most precious assets of the personnel function includes procurement, development, performance appraisal function, evaluation! Flourish only through the efforts and achievements of employees these dimensions establish a set of core competencies distinguishes... Provide on-the-job training ( d ) Shortage of trained HRD managers at senior level provide. Program ensures effective sepa­ration of employees and society as a whole can be conceptualized as “ Reservoirs ” of life... Them utmost importance jobs available and the most precious assets of the.. Seek out those with importance of human resource management in social work profession qualifications with experience in the following pages: 1 enterprises accomplish! Their interests, retention, training and development programs without any fear of criticism high of. 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